How did it go again? The inner story is usually the bulk of the work. The framing device places the inside story within a different context.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. The narrative plot is can be said is made of concentric circles with Robert in the outer most circle, Victor in the second circle and the monster in the innermost circle.
In the outermost narrative of the four letters, which Robert writes to his sister Margaret, we move to an embedded narrative- the narrative of Victor and the account of the latter then serves in to frame the entrenched narrative of the monster. His narrative is a biographical one since he tells the story of Victor and that of the monster through the narrative of the latter.
His narrative is important in the novel as it in through him that we come to know about the life and experience of Victor and the monster and his personal ambition.
There is no chronology in his narrative- he accounts for the experience of Victor and the monster separately. Robert is a reliable narrator-he takes note of the storyline of Victor.
Furthermore he relates both the narrative of Victor and the monster in a neutral way as he neither sides with Victor nor with the monster since he is related to neither of them. Yet some critics argue that Robert is not a wholly reliable narrator as in the beginning of the novel he admires Victor: However, though there are some flaws in the narrative of Robert he is a reliable narrator since he is not subjective.
Besides, Mary Shelly would not have included Robert as a narrator and could have started Frankenstein with the life of Victor and the monster in a linear form plot like it is for the narrative structure of most of the novels. Through the letter of Robert, the narrative of Victor is presented in as a subjective one since he describes his personal life with much pain and he is on the defensive.
The narrative of Victor is linear- we are taken from the beginning of his tale to the end: His narrative shows his downfall staircase. The narrative of Victor parallels his egoistical obsessions.
Robert sees Victor as an eloquent narrator since he keeps on listening to him without interrupting him. He is a subjective narrator since he evokes much pathos on Robert and the reader while relating his life story. For instance, his account of the death of William is written is highly disjointed language: However, the narrative of Victor to Robert is not fully subjective as he also recounts the narrative of the monster.
There is change in the tone of Victor while reporting the narrative of the monster: His narrative makes us sympathise with the monster while describing the bad experience which the latter faced. He could have excluded this part but he does not do so.
Just like Victor the narrative of the monster too follows chronology in describing his downfall- it begins with his creation and rejection by its maker and ends with his deadly sorrow.
Mary Shelley humanizes the monster by making him a narrator. Robert and the readers are surprised when the narrator speaks with eloquence and extreme sensitivity after Victor has painted him a cruel murderer.
Mary Shelley is Robert, Victor and the monster since she is the author of Frankenstein. She creates three narrators to give three different interpretations of the story and to create objectivity. Moreover she is playing with the readers by using three narrators.
The tone of each narrator invites the reader to become the audience: At the same time we may find ourselves identifying with each narrator in turn. We may feel ourselves entering into the consciousness of Mary Shelley, Robert, Victor and the monster as they narrate their stories.
Mary Shelley makes her reader playing several roles at once. By using three narrators Mary Shelley creates objectivity as she makes her reader to think in huge circles of opposing forces. One force tries to keep the circle firm and closed but the opposing force breaks out the circle and makes the reader escape claustrophobia and makes the story reliable and interconnected.
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