Such a notion of reason, says Turner, should be rejected by all monotheistic traditions. How can a Christian theologian be so bold as to speak for all monotheistic traditions? Davies points out that the theological guild has lost a language that can speak of the createdness of the world without succumbing to a prescientific worldview. A primary task of theology, according to Davies, should be the regeneration of a Christian account of the world as sacramental; this would bring about a new Christian understanding of reason.
References and Further Reading 1. Introduction Faith and reason are both sources of authority upon which beliefs can rest. Reason generally is understood as the principles for a methodological inquiry, whether intellectual, moral, aesthetic, or religious.
Thus is it not simply the rules of logical inference or the embodied wisdom of a tradition or authority. Some kind of algorithmic demonstrability is ordinarily presupposed. Once demonstrated, a proposition or claim is ordinarily understood to be justified as true or authoritative.
Faith, on the other hand, involves a stance toward some claim that is not, at least presently, demonstrable by reason. Thus faith is a kind of attitude of trust or assent.
As such, it is ordinarily understood to involve an act of will or a commitment on the part of the believer. Religious faith involves a belief that makes some kind of either an implicit or explicit reference to a transcendent source.
Revelation is either direct, through some kind of direct infusion, or indirect, usually from the testimony of an other. Religious faith is of two kinds: The former views faith as closely coordinated with demonstrable truths; the latter more strictly as an act of the will of the religious believer alone.
The former includes evidence garnered from the testimony and works of other believers. It is, however, possible to hold a religious belief simply on the basis either of faith alone or of reason alone. Moreover, one can even lack faith in God or deny His existence, but still find solace in the practice of religion.
The basic impetus for the problem of faith and reason comes from the fact that the revelation or set of revelations on which most religions are based is usually described and interpreted in sacred pronouncements, either in an oral tradition or canonical writings, backed by some kind of divine authority.
These writings or oral traditions are usually presented in the literary forms of narrative, parable, or discourse. As such, they are in some measure immune from rational critique and evaluation. In fact even the attempt to verify religious beliefs rationally can be seen as a kind of category mistake.
Yet most religious traditions allow and even encourage some kind of rational examination of their beliefs. The key philosophical issue regarding the problem of faith and reason is to work out how the authority of faith and the authority of reason interrelate in the process by which a religious belief is justified or established as true or justified.
Four basic models of interaction are possible. Here the aims, objects, or methods of reason and faith seem to be very much the same.How Reason Proves The Existence Of God And The Truth Of The Catholic Faith. By. Scott Sullivan- how To Defend The Catholic Faith With Reason And Evidence. - Faith, Reason and the Existence of God - by Denys Turner Frontmatter/Prelims The proposition that the existence of God is demonstrable by rational argument is doubted by nearly all philosophical opinion today and is thought by most Christian .
Denys Turner, Faith, Reason, and the Existence of God, Cambridge University Press, , pp, $ (pbk), ISBN Reviewed by James F.
Sennett, Lincoln Christian College and Seminary Can we prove the existence of God? As anyone acquainted with contemporary philosophy of religion knows. The proofs of God's existence (which, Turner rightly insists, were understood by Thomas to be rationally valid demonstrations not dependent on faith) represent not the triumph of reason, but reason's discovery of its own severe nationwidesecretarial.coms: 1.
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Sections of this page. Accessibility Help. QUESTIONING THE EXISTENCE OF GOD. Sp S on S so S red S · August 13 · Bill Flavell. How To Defend The Christian Faith With Reason And Evidence: The Christ Program Christ is the first complete, full-blown, semester long, multimedia course specifically made to address the problem of using reason and evidence to establish the truth of Christianity.