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It is composed of the heads of executive departments chosen by the president with the consent of the Senate, but the members do not hold seats in Congress, and their tenure, like that… Duties of the office The Constitution succinctly defines presidential functions, powers, and responsibilities.
Presidents appoint all cabinet heads and most other high-ranking officials of the executive branch of the federal government. They also nominate all judges of the federal judiciary, including the members of the Supreme Court. Their appointments to executive and judicial posts must be approved by a majority of the Senate one of the two chambers of Congressthe legislative branch of the federal government, the other being the House of Representatives.
The Senate usually confirms these appointments, though it occasionally rejects a nominee to whom a majority of members have strong objections. The president has the power to make treaties with foreign governments, though the Senate must approve such treaties by a two-thirds majority.
Historical development By the time the Constitutional Convention assembled in Philadelphia on May 25,wartime and postwar difficulties had convinced most of the delegates that an energetic national executive was necessary. They approached the problem warily, however, and a third of them favoured a proposal that would have allowed Congress to select multiple single-term executives, each of whom would be subject to recall by state governors.
The subject consumed more debate at the convention than any other. At first, delegates supported the idea that the executive should be chosen by Congress; however, congressional selection would make the executive dependent on the legislature unless the president was ineligible for reelection, and ineligibility would necessitate a dangerously long term six or seven years was the most common suggestion.
The delegates debated the method of election until early Septemberless than two weeks before the convention ended. Finally, the Committee on Unfinished Parts, chaired by David Brearley of New Jerseyput forward a cumbersome proposal—the electoral college —that overcame all objections.
Whoever received a majority of the votes would be elected president, the runner-up vice president. If no one won a majority, the choice would be made by the House of Representatives, each state delegation casting one vote.
The president would serve a four-year term and be eligible for continual reelection by the Twenty-second Amendmentadopted inthe president was limited to a maximum of two terms. Until agreement on the electoral college, delegates were unwilling to entrust the executive with significant authority, and most executive powers, including the conduct of foreign relationswere held by the Senate.
The delegates hastily shifted powers to the executive, and the result was ambiguous. First, Article II itemizes, in sections 2 and 3, certain presidential powers, including those of commander in chief of the armed forces, appointment making, treaty making, receiving ambassadors, and calling Congress into special session.
Second, a sizable array of powers traditionally associated with the executive, including the power to declare war, issue letters of marque and reprisal, and coin and borrow money, were given to Congress, not the president, and the power to make appointments and treaties was shared between the president and the Senate.
The delegates could leave the subject ambiguous because of their understanding that George Washington —97 would be selected as the first president. They deliberately left blanks in Article II, trusting that Washington would fill in the details in a satisfactory manner. Indeed, it is safe to assert that had Washington not been available, the office might never have been created.
Postrevolutionary period Scarcely had Washington been inaugurated when an extraconstitutional attribute of the presidency became apparent. Inherently, the presidency is dual in character.
Through centuries of constitutional struggle between the crown and ParliamentEngland had separated the two offices, vesting the prime minister with the function of running the government and leaving the ceremonial responsibilities of leadership to the monarch.
But the problems posed by the dual nature of the office remained unsolved. A few presidents, notably Thomas Jefferson —09 and Franklin D. Roosevelt —45proved able to perform both roles.
Destroying Al Qaeda Peninsula believed to be responsible for organizing a number of attempted attacks against the United States, The United States had two main reactions to the 9/ Disrupted al-Qaeda’s global operations and terrorist financing networks. financial community is moving to starve the terrorists of their financial support. countries support the financial war on terror; countries have acted to freeze terrorist assets; in the U.S. alone, the assets of known terrorists, terrorist organizations. For these and other reasons, Bin Laden declared a jihad, or holy war, against the United States, which he has carried out through al Qaeda and its affiliated organizations.
More common were the examples of John F. Kennedy —63 and Lyndon B. Although Kennedy was superb as the symbol of a vigorous nation—Americans were entranced by the image of his presidency as Camelot—he was ineffectual in getting legislation enacted. Johnson, by contrast, pushed through Congress a legislative program of major proportions, including the Civil Rights Act ofbut he was such a failure as a king surrogate that he chose not to run for a second term.
For example, he retired after two terms, establishing a tradition maintained until During his first term he made the presidency a full-fledged branch of government instead of a mere office. As commander in chief during the American Revolutionary Warhe had been accustomed to surrounding himself with trusted aides and generals and soliciting their opinions.
Cabinet meetings, as they came to be called, remained the principal instrument for conducting executive business until the late 20th century, though some early presidents, such as Andrew Jackson —37made little use of the cabinet.
But when Washington appeared on the floor of the Senate to seek advice about pending negotiations with American Indian tribes, the surprised senators proved themselves to be a contentious deliberative assembly, not an advisory board.
At about the same time, it was established by an act of Congress that, though the president had to seek the approval of the Senate for his major appointments, he could remove his appointees unilaterally. This power remained a subject of controversy and was central to the impeachment of Andrew Johnson —69 in Inin Myers v.Reactions to the death of Osama bin Laden.
Jump to navigation Jump to search the United States of America, the country that believed in the war without compromise against evil, against terrorism, by defending the holy principles of freedom and democracy all over the world, as well as ensuring the security, peace and stability in all .
Had Mullah Omar’s regime in Kabul not granted Al Qaeda a hospitable sanctuary during the late s, and then refused to turn over AQ leaders to the United States following the 9/11 attacks. Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more.
See world news photos and videos at nationwidesecretarial.com The Global War on Terror; The War Against al-Qaeda; History of use of the phrase and its rejection by the U.S. government This the United States is at war with al Qaeda, the Taliban, and their associated forces.
We are at war with an organization that right now would kill as many Americans as they could if we did not stop them first. So. President Obama addresses the Nation to announce that the United States has killed Osama bin Laden, the leader of al Qaeda.
And so we went to war against al Qaeda to protect our citizens, our friends, and our allies. For these and other reasons, Bin Laden declared a jihad, or holy war, against the United States, which he has carried out through al Qaeda and its affiliated organizations.